Ten key figures on real estate in France

France has 37.6 million homes according to INSEE data published on Wednesday 9 November. The study shows that real estate growth has slowed slightly over the past decade. The share of owner families remained stable and that of main residences decreased slightly.

37.6 million housing units in France excluding Mayotte

With 37.6 million housing units in France (excluding Mayotte), of which 36.6 in mainland France, the French housing stock as of 1 January 2022 has 400,000 more housing units than in 2021. If the housing stock is increasing for forty years, it has undergone slower growth since 2007 and the financial crisis.

12.9 million more homes in forty years

Since 1982, 12.9 million new homes have been identified, thanks to the construction of new homes, but also to the transformation of non-residential premises into homes. Since that date, the customer base has grown an average of 1.1% per year, but its growth has been slower since 2007, particularly in the past five years, with an average growth of 0.9% per year. .

Six out of ten families own their main residence

58% of households will own their main residence in 2022, which is a stable share since 2010. Up to that date, the share of households that owns them had increased considerably due to the aging of the population. The share of families renting their main residence has remained around 40% for forty years.

30.7 million main residences

Major residences have seen the strongest growth since 1982, with a 53% increase in this type of accommodation, or 11 million more residences in 2022 than forty years ago. This increase is due to demographic growth (+ 21% in the same period) and the decrease in the size of the family unit. However, since the mid-2000s the number of main residences has increased less rapidly than the stock as a whole: they represent 81.9% of the stock in 2022 compared to 82.6% in 1982.

3.7 million second homes

The number of second homes and occasional housing has increased by around 1.4 million over the past forty years, now accounting for 9.8% of total real estate in France in 2022.

+ 2.7% vacancies since 2007

The number of vacant homes has risen sharply in fifteen years, with an average annual growth of 2.7%. A faster increase than in the 1982-2007 period. According to the study, ” the vacancy may result from a mismatch between supply and demand in terms of size, location, price “. It can also be” unoccupied dwellings without being immediately habitable “The vacancy can also be consequence of the departure of the elderly to a retirement home, without the accommodation being offered for sale or rent “.

55% of the homes are individual homes

The share of individual homes in the housing stock remained stable compared to 1982, at 55%. This is the most common type of housing among main and secondary residences, but the number of collective housing has increased more rapidly in recent years.

16% of the main residences in the Parisian conurbation

The urban unit of Paris concentrates 16% of the main residences. On the contrary, the Parisian conurbation has only 6.5% of secondary residences and occasional accommodation, against 39.8% of urban units with less than 100,000 inhabitants. The percentage of vacant homes is highest in urban areas with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants.

77% of secondary residences outside urban areas or in a city with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants

In 2022, 77% of second homes and occasional homes will be located in a municipality outside an urban core or within a city with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants. However, this share has generally decreased since 1982, when it reached 83%.

A more rapid increase in the number of homes in the overseas territories

Excluding Mayotte, the overseas territories have 371,000 housing units. The increase in the number of vehicles is much faster than in mainland France, with a growth of 1.5% per year on average for ten years. However, it is less significant than in the previous two decades, during which growth averaged 2.7% per year.

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