Very cautious at first in the face of the rise to power of the far right in Italy, the European Union (EU) said it was ready to “to cooperate” with the Eurosceptic government of Giorgia Meloni, who was sworn in on Saturday 22 October and should take office on Sunday.
“Congratulations to Giorgia Meloni on her appointment as Prime Minister, the first woman to hold this position [en Italie], tweeted Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission. I am counting on constructive cooperation with the new government in the face of the challenges we face together. “
“Let’s work together for the good of Italy and the EU”, for his part he wrote the President of the European Council, Charles Michel. “Europe needs Italy. Together we will overcome all difficulties “added the President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola, in a tweet written in Italian.
These reactions in chorus of the three main European institutions contrasted with the silence of the major capitals. At least until Saturday evening, when, in turn, the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz congratulated the new Italian Prime Minister. “I can’t wait to continue working closely with Italy, in the EU, NATO and G7”, said the German leaderwho also thanked Mario Draghi for “good Italian-German cooperation” these last few years. Paris and Madrid remained silent.
The very conservative Hungarian Prime Minister, Viktor Orban, a pet peeve from Brussels, was one of the first European leaders to congratulate Mmyself Melons, saluting “A great day for the European right”. The European far right was also at the party: “Patriots are coming to power all over Europe and with them this Europe of the nations we ask for”Marine Le Pen rejoiced in France.
Under the gilding of the Quirinale in Rome, Mmyself Meloni and his 24 ministers – of whom only 6 are women – have it “Sworn to respect the Constitution and the laws” in front of the president Sergio Mattarella. “Here is the government team that, with pride and a sense of responsibility, will serve Italy. Now to work “then wrote the new Prime Minister in a tweet accompanied by the official government photo. The transfer of power between Mario Draghi and Giorgia Meloni will take place on Sunday morning at Palazzo Chigi, the seat of the government, and will be followed by the first Council of Ministers.
The 45-year-old Roman, a historic victory in the Italian legislative elections on 25 September last, managed to demonize her post-fascist Fratelli d’Italia party, to rise to power exactly a century after the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, of whom he was an admirer. . You have with your coalition comrades, the populist leader of the Anti-immigrant League, Matteo Salvini, and the declining leader of Forza Italia, Silvio Berlusconi, an absolute majority in both the House and the Senate.
Reassure the members of Roma
The composition of the new government reflects the desire to reassure Rome’s partners, worried about the rise to power in Italy, the founding country of Europe, of the most right-wing and Eurosceptic head of government since 1946.
Before the elections Mr.myself von der Leyen had also caused a sensation in Italy by evoking the tools available to Brussels to sanction any attacks on the democratic principles of the EU in the event of a victory by the far right.
The appointment to Foreign Affairs, with the title of Vice President of the Council, of the former President of the European Parliament Antonio Tajani, exponent of Forza Italia, and that of Giancarlo Giorgetti, exponent of the moderate wing of the League, former Minister in the outgoing government by Mario Draghi, the economy should reassure Brussels.
At a time when the eurozone’s third-largest economy is facing, like its neighbors, a difficult economic situation due to the energy crisis and inflation, the task of Mmyself Meloni promises to be difficult, especially since he will have to guarantee the unity of his coalition, which is already showing some cracks. MM. Salvini and Berlusconi are reluctant to accept the authority of Giorgia Meloni, whose party won 26% of the votes in the elections, against only 8% of Forza Italia and 9% of Lega. The media echoed the multiple crossovers between the three leaders over the distribution of posts in Parliament and the government.
An Atlanticist herself and in favor of supporting Ukraine against Russia, Mmyself Meloni was faced with the controversy this week by Berlusconi, who claimed to have done so “renewed” with Vladimir Putin and blamed Kiev for the war. Statements of the worst effect that forced the new head of government on Wednesday to rectify the situation by saying that Italy is doing “completely gone, and head held high”, Europe and NATO. A talented speaker, this conservative Christian hostile to LGBT + rights, however, has promised not to touch the law that authorizes abortion. Above all, his government will have to focus on the many challenges, mainly economic, that await him, starting with inflation and a colossal debt that represents 150% of gross domestic product (GDP), the highest ratio in the euro area after the Greece.